It is an undisputed fact that in Nigeria and the world at large  that every individual whether big or small wants to be known, they all wants people to recognize and value them based on their cultures, values, heritage, practice  and believes. Nobody wants to be push aside .and also there is this universal urge and taste for interior beautification. Everybody wants to make a good and beautiful use of their interior. It is also seen that people tend to appreciate works of beads no matter how little it looks, people love it on their dress, bags, shoes and other usable materials. Also taking a closer study of most homes and offices around the researcher, especially in Ekpoma, there is no one curtain or wall hanging having or displaying a design that is showing both creativity in batik and beads. And also there is no wall design on batik that shows or depicts any trait of  Esan culture. And this has an effect or limit textile fabric decoration in a way. As a result of these findings and limitation to textile fabric design in Nigeria, especially in Esan  the researcher tried to list some of the objectives and problem as to the creative use of beads and batik and solutions to the problem. 

Globally textiles are clearly spelt out as any type of fabric made by weaving or knitting. Textiles are further known as an art of fabric fabrication, production and decoration. In fact, textiles are a two­-dimensional art and in the class of applied art.
 Accordingly, “oxford advanced learners dictionary” defines textiles as any fabric made by weaving or knitting for aesthetic value and purpose. Thus, textiles wholly deals with fabric either for decorative purpose  and other purposes, this also represent or mean a central ingredient of fashion, Textiles have played a major role in the lives of human and the world at large. Nearly every aspect of our lives uses textile. If all textiles were removed from human life and environment, one can only but imagine what will happen and how it will look like. At home, most furnishings are enhanced with textiles, even to the least woven mosquito net on the windows and around our beds.
    The most common use of textiles is for clothing and containers such as bags and basket. In homes they are used in carpet, upholstered furnishing, window shades, and towels, covering for tables, bed cover, throw pillows, wall hangings and other flat surfaces. In work places they are use in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering; miscellaneous uses includes flags, backpacks, tent; cleaning devices such as handkerchiefs and rags; transportation device such as balloons, kites, sails, and parachutes. Children can also learn by using textiles to make collages, sew, quilt and toys. Textiles use for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristic other than their appearances includes textiles structure for aircraft and automotive application and medical textiles for example in plants; Geotextiles.  Reinforcement of embalmment; Agro textiles, textiles for crop protection; protective clothing e.g. clothes worn against heat and radiation, fire fighting clothing, clothes worn against molten metal’s for welders, stab protection, and bulletproof vest.
    According to Barber (1992) textiles was defined as felt or spun fibers made into yarn and subsequently netted, looped, knit or woven to make fabrics, appeared in the Middle East during the late Stone Age. From ancient time to this present age, methods of textiles production have continually evolved, and choices of textiles available has influenced how people carry their possessions, clothed themselves, and decorate their surroundings.
              Textiles are classified according to their components fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, such as synthetic fibers as rayon, nylon, and polyesters, and some organic fibers, such as cloth of gold, glass fiber, and asbestos cloth.
    They are classified as to their structure or weave, according the manner in which warp and weft cross each other in the loom. Value  quality in textiles depends on several factors, such as the quality of raw material used and the character of yarn spun form of the fibers, whether, clean, smooth, fire, or coarse and whether hard, soft or medium twisted,. The density of weave and finishing process are also important elements in determining the quality of fabric.
    This project is therefore aimed at helping the upcoming textiles students and those interested in textiles and its end products to appreciate the efforts of textiles producers, and especially fabric made in Nigeria.
Fabric has gained so much prominence so much so that its adaptation for interior decoration and design, and domestic usage has brought about great aesthetic and uniqueness. They have of late become relevant in the area of interior décor and other domestic usage like shoes, caps etc.
Looking at most homes in Esan land one could hardly point out anything that tells or portrayal the cultural heritage or values of the Esan community. It is based o this finding that the researcher decided to do a research on the creative use of beads and batik in interior décor depicting some cultural values and heritage of the Esan culture in the area of table cover, wall hangings, and curtains

Batik as a wax resist techniques has been use all over Nigeria, as well as beads for aesthetic purposes.  It has been use for cloths and furniture while the later fro body adornment as in the case of marriages, naming ceremonies and cultural parades. But this material have not been adequately used in Esan land, hence there is the need to use these materials to create designs that will depict Esan land culture. Designs will be good for wall hangings and window blinds in homes, offices and hotels.

1. To create a befitting curtain of batik with beads
2. to produces curtains of batik with beads to enlighten the general public on the idea of beads and batik for interior decoration.
3. To make relevance of the importance of beads material on fabric in the area of textiles endues.

2.     This report is done to affirm the value of good interior decoration with standard, understanding the usefulness of textiles and design as a valuable asset to beautification and adornments of homes and offices.
3.     This study also gives a better appreciation to the cultural values of Esan people and refreshes the memory of every indigenous person and foreigners about some cultural values of the people.
4.     The significance of this study also lies on the fact that it shows cultural value in Esan.
5.     The report also aimed at creating a design befitting window curtains, wall hanging and table cover.

This study is limited to the use of beads and batik. All designs and ideals are gotten from Esan land

    1.     INTERIOR DÉCORATION: This is a term that refers to the decorating and furnishing of interior spaces in homes, offices.
      2.     FABRIC: A textile or cloth is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers (yarn or, the words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile.
3.     CAUSTIC SODA: This is a small round shaped or granulated substance added to dye stuff. It is used to relax the texture of the fabric for easier penetration of the dye, and it’s a mordant that makes the solution acidic and water insoluble.
      4.     SODIUM HYDROSULPHITE: this is a white powdery substance used as fixing salt to help the dye to remain permanent in the fabric. It is used along with the caustic soda and dye stuff. The three are to be dissolved in hot water in specific proportion.  
     5.     DYE:  A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber.
    6.     BATIK:  Batik is a wax-resist technique of cloth decoration. It is made either by drawing dots and lines with wax, using a spouted tool called tjanting  tool
    7.     BEADS:  A bead is a small, decorative object that is formed in a variety of shapes and sizes of a material such as stone,
     8.     CANDOLE WAX: this is a substance ion a cake form which melts in a pot or pan when heated on a stove. It is used for blocking some certain areas of design on a fabric. Via a method called batik.
    9.      TJANTING TOOL: A traditional Tjanting tool used to apply wax to fabric for batik work. The bowl has a 35mm diameter, and the spout has a 1.0mm diameter. The brass bowl and spout help retain the heat and keep the wax
    10.                         CURTAIN: a piece of material suspended at the top to form a screen, typically movable sideways along a rail and found as one of a pair at a window.
     11.                        WALL HANGING: Wall hanging is a decorative art piece that is hung (as Tapestry) on a wall or over a window
     12.                        TABLE COVER: A tablecloth is a cloth used to cover a table. Some are mainly ornamental coverings, which may also help protect the table from scratches and stains.

13.                        FOAM: Foam is a substance that is formed by trapping pockets of gas in a liquid or solid.  A bath sponge and the head on a glass of beer are examples of foam

For more Fine Arts Projects click here
Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 44 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.


No comments:

Post a Comment

Select Your Department

Featured Post

Reporting and discussing your findings

This page deals with the central part of the thesis, where you present the data that forms the basis of your investigation, shaped by the...