EVALUATION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL POLICY ON PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to evaluate the implementation of the National Policy on Pre-primary Education in Enugu state. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Multistage sampling technique was used to select one hundred public pre-primary schools and three hundred nursery school teachers. The instruments for data collection consisted of direct data observation/rating scale, check list and a questionnaire entitled Evaluation of the National Policy on Pre-primary Education (ENPPE) developed by the researcher. The instruments were face validated by three experts, two from the area of Childhood Education and one from Measurement and Evaluation. The data generated from trial testing were analysed using Cronbach Alpha statistics and the overall reliability of 0.77 was obtained. Mean and Standard Deviation were used to answer the research questions while the null hypotheses were tested using t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that specialist teachers are available in the pre-primary school to a little extent. The curriculum component as well as government responsibilities in the nursery schools as contained in the National Policy on Education were implemented to a little extent. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which included: the government should promote the training of specialist teachers for the pre-primary schools; should ensure that every school should have National Policy on Education and approved government curriculum, the module for the nursery schools should be provided. The government should implement the stipulated responsibilities in the nursery schools and should persuade both the Parent’s Teacher’s Association and the communities to fund nursery education.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Quality education is the greatest legacy any country can bequeath to its citizens. To ensure quality education, government has tried to provide the National Policy on Education that addresses the needs and aspirations of the people. The need for National Policy on Education arose as a result of general dissatisfaction of the people with the educational system inherited from the colonial masters. The system failed to a large extent to support, growth and development of the nation. It became very necessary for the convocation of 1969 conference to evolve educational system that would cater for the needs of the people. With the subsequent seminars and workshops the National Policy on Education emerged. The National Policy on Education is the document of the government that contains information about the philosophy and goals of all levels of education in the educational system. It also contains the responsibilities of both the government and the stakeholders in the provision of education services. The document was first published in 1977 and revised in 1981, 1988 and 2004 (FRN, 2004).

The quest to provide education services for quality education, made the international community to hold world conference on Education for All (EFA) in Jomtien in 1990 and subsequently at Daker in 2000 (Obanya, 2000). In the conference, it was agreed on, to expand and improve comprehensive early childhood education among others by the year 2015 by all participants (Maduewesi, 2006).

The government responded to the demand of EFA by including in the National Policy on Education the establishment of pre-primary section in the existing public primary schools (F.R.N., 2004). Pre-primary education is the education given in an education institution to children prior to their entering the primary schools. It includes the crèche (0 – 2) years, nursery (3 – 4) years, and kindergarten (4 – 5) years (FRN, 2004). The present study focuses on the nursery schools. It is obvious that children who attend good nursery school will have better opportunity to transit easily to primary school and equally respond better to the demands of this level of education. This is because, according to Carnage Task Force on meeting the needs of children (1999), children raised in a stimulating environment such as good school and are provided with good nutrition have measurable better brain functioning. Good environment and food affect not only the number of brain cells and the number of connection among them but also the ways these connections are fixed. The process of connecting the brain cells is guided to a large extent by the child’s sensory experiences of the world (Ezema, 2009). Early Childhood education will promote the holistic development of the children and will equip them with knowledge, skills and competencies needed to meet the demands of everyday life.

In order to meet the demands and requirements for the development of children, the purposes and responsibilities of the government are outlined in the National Policy on Education (FRN, 2004:12) which includes:

Ø            effect a smooth transition from home to school;

Ø            prepare the child for the primary level of education;

Ø            provide adequate care and supervision for the children while their parents are at work (on farms, in market, offices etc);

Ø            inculcate social norms;

Ø            inculcate in the child the spirit of enquiry and creativity through the exploration of nature, environment, art, music and playing with toys etc;
Ø            develop a sense of co-operation and team spirit;

Ø            learn good habits, especially good health habits, and teach rudiments of numbers, letters, colours, shapes, forms etc through play.

The purpose (objectives) of pre-primary education as contained in the National Policy on Education covered the curriculum of the pre-primary education. It contains all the learning experiences a learner has to pass through in the process of education. The curriculum as defined by Offorma (2000) is an organized knowledge, skills and attitudes presented to the learner in school. It covers ever element in the learning environment which includes subject matter, various educational policies, content and learning experiences as well as infrastructural provisions.

The curriculum components as contained in the FRN (2004:11) include:

Ø            inculcate social norms;

Ø            inculcate in the child the spirit of enquiry and creativity through the exploration of nature, the environment, art, music and playing with toys etc;

Ø            develop a sense of co-operation and team spirit;

Ø            learn good habits, especially good health habits, and

Ø            teach rudiments of numbers, letters, colours, shapes, forms etc through play.


The curriculum of the pre-primary education was carefully designed for children at their formative years to acquire the right values and quality education that will enable them to adapt and respond to the demands of the time. This will enable the children to achieve self reliance and effective citizenry. In support of the above assertion, Okonja (2009) affirms that when nursery school children are introduced early enough to those ideals that will arouse their creative and innovative ability, scientific and technological discoveries will be enhanced......

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 107 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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