THE PREREQUISITE OF A VALID WILL: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this  project was to look  in to different  factors that makes a valid will,  by researching  on different case and of cause using the laws regarding Wills in the country I have been  able to come up  with an impeccable research paper.
From the results gathered  there is a need to further enlighten the public concerning matters like this in other for better communication from the testator who is the creator of the will and   to whom who he  deems fit to add to his  Will .

Truth be told in a country like Nigeria people don’t  like to  make much emphasizes on the concept of will making but  yet one of the most regular issues dividing families till today is inheritance of a deceased  property   now the focus  of my work will try  its best to eliminate such issues  and also find a meaning full way for the testator to  share his properties  in the way he deems fit  and also lawful as well.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
COVER PAGE
ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENT
TABLE OF CASES
TABLE OF STATUES
ABBRIVATIONS

CHAPTER 1
General Introduction
1.0 Introduction
1.2 Background to the study
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Focus of Study
1.5 Scope of the Study
1.6 Methodology
1.7 Literature Review
1.8 Significance of Study

CHAPTER 2
Literature review

CHAPTER 3
3.0   NATURE OF A WILL
a.   Statutory Will
b.   Nuncupative Will
c.   Written Customary Will
3.1 ADVANTAGES OF MAKING A WILL
a.   A WILL Removes transfer of properties by Statute
b.   A Will removes transfer of properties by customary law
c.   Positive Display of Wishes  
d.   Personal Representatives Act from Death
e.   It is cheaper to process application for the grant of probate
 than for the Grant of letters of administration  
f.    Testator’s Peace of Mind
g.   Direction as to Burial Arrangements
3.2 THE NATURE OF A WILL
a.   A WILL is Ambulatory  
b.   Revocable Nature of WILLS
c.   Codicil
3.3 THE REQUIREMENT OF WRITING, ATTESTING
 AND SIGNING
a.   Writing
b.   Attesting
c.   Signing  
TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY AS GROUND
FOR A VALID WILL
3.4   TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY
3.5 TESTAMENTARY CAPACITY – SOUND DISPOSING
 MIND
3.5.1             Sound Disposing Mind: when necessary
3.5.2          Knowledge and Approval  
3.5.3      Effect of Supervening Insanity on sound disposing mind
3.5.4            Periods of Lucidity  
   3.6        THE PRESUMPTION OF SOUND DISPOSING MIND
      3.6.1  Evidence to Support Existence of Sound Disposing Mind

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0    DELUSION
4.1 PHYSICAL AFFLICTIONS AFFECTING THE MIND
4.2  UNDUE INFLUENCE
4.3    FEATURES OF UNDUE INFLUENCE
4.4.1 Motive and Opportunity  
4.4.2 Overwhelming the Testator’s Volition
      4.5  SPECIAL RELATIONSHIPS
      4.6.1 Solicitor/Client
      4.6.2 Spouses
      4.6.3 Confessor and Penitent
4.7   UNDUE INFLUENCE BEFORE EXECUTION

CHAPTER 5      
5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Conclusion     
5.2 Recommendation
Bibliography

CHAPTER ONE
1.1     INTRODUCTION
The concept of WILLS is of great importance. This concept originated from the Roman Law and was passed on to English Law from where the nations of the Commonwealth accepted it as part of the received English Law. Its origin lies in the fact that it was thought highly desirable to actualize the intentions of a dying person as a legal and binding obligation. The testator is the person who came to make a will. The executor is the person(s) to carry out those will. And lastly, the beneficiaries are render a will are known  as CESTIUS QUE TRUST.
Without doubt  a person(s) will be concerned about properties he owns and  that he naturally wants to know what will happen to their  properties when he/ she dies. Normally, he will want to provide for his family and one certain way of doing so is that his houses, farms etc should descend to his loved ones after his death. It is from a Will therefore, that the properties owner’s dream will be realized. And for the Will to be enforceable, it must be in accordance with the stipulated requirements of the law.
1.2     BACKGROUND
The importance of Wills in the life of people cannot be overestimated. Death is an inevitable end of earthly life. We are living witnesses to the destruction of family units at the end of the patriarch’s life due to disagreement over inheritance of the deceased estate. Homes have been broken and scattered, children and relations have become mortal enemies in their struggle to share the properties of the deceased.
While it may be true that because of the feud and unending litigation that sometimes attend some Wills, some of the people have become scared about Wills, the overwhelming majority are thirsty for knowledge about Wills. They want to know why they ought to make Wills and their advantages over other manners of disposition of property in consideration of death. This research work is meant to be a guideline on how to make Wills that will stand the test of time and also create awareness in the populace about the importance of Will so as to reduce the unnecessary issues that arise at the demise of a person without leaving a Will giving directives as to how to share his property.
1.3    FOCUS OF THE STUDY
From the foregoing, it can be said that a Will is a testamentary document enforceable, protected and binding at law. Generally, a WILL must be in writing and must be executed in a mode prescribed by statute. In some limited instances, an oral Will may be valid depending on state law. Although the language of a Will is largely immaterial, a valid disposition of property requires cerainty as to the property and the individuals or entity receiving the property. No prescribed form is required for a Will and it is not essential  validity of the Will for the Will to dispose of all of the testator’s estate. The study focused on the practice in Nigeria particularly in the south western region.
1.4    AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The broad aim of the study is to critically analyze the writing of a Will and its effect/importance on the society. The specific objectives are:
1.     To trace the origin of Will making in Nigeria
2.     To discuss the importance of Will making in Nigeria
3.     To critically analyze the legal framework for Will writing in Nigeria with the motive of giving viable recommendations
The general nature of a will, types of will and advantages of a will.
To make a valid Will, a person must be in his or her right mind. A person also must be of full age, that is to say, be twenty-one years old, and must state his wishes in writing, signed by himself and attested by two witnesses, who sign their names at the foot or end of the document in his presence and in the presence  of each other. The witnesses too must be of full age and in their right mind. Thus, in an indirect way, the impartiality of the witnesses is as far as possible ensured.
The interpretation of Wills has given rise to untold litigation, and the rules and principles that have been developed in the resultant case law fill many volumes of abstruse and intricate doctrine. The main legal problem therefore centers around the animosity that flows from different interested parties who appear to be aggrieved because of the content of the Will thereby giving rise to different interpretation of the Will.
1.5    SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this research work is to enunciate more on Wills, and also lay down the essential factors that will make a Will valid, or invalid. These factors shall be critically examined.
Will making remains a popular and even necessary practice because the old law of intestate succession was felt to be unsatisfactory? To make a valid Will, a person must be in his or her right mind. A person also must be of full age, that is to say, be twenty-one years old, and must state his wishes in writing, signed by himself and attested by two witnesses, who sign their names at the foot or end of the document in his presence and in the presence of each other. The witnesses too must be of full age and in their right mind. Thus, in an indirect way, the impartiality of the witnesses is as far as possible ensured.
While it may be true that because of the feud and unending litigation that sometimes attend some Wills, some of the people have become scared about Wills, the overwhelming majority are thirsty for knowledge about Wills. They want to know why they ought to make Wills and their advantages over other manners of disposition of property in consideration of death. This research work is meant to be a guideline on how to make wills that will stand the test of time.
1.6    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Primary and secondary sources of information were used. The primary sources being the statutes and judicial precedence and the secondary sources which data collection for the purpose of this research work is wholly from library work which comprise a search in textbooks, journals and jurist opinion.
1.7    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Research has found that there are so many people eager to know more about Wills. The thirst for knowledge about Wills is on the increase. A property owner will want to know what will happen to his property after his death, and would want to distribute his property amongst his loved ones. This will lead to a preparation of a Will.
It is not enough for a Will to be made because some Wills could be declared invalid based on certain inconsistencies (this will be shown in further discuss). Therefore, to have a Valid Will, one must have in mind the requisites of a Valid Will.
1.8    SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The findings of this study will rebound the to the benefits of the society considering that Will making plays an important role in the society today. There has been a great demand for knowledge of Will making justifies the need for more effective will making. This work will be a guide to a testator on how to create a valid will. And as for researchers the study will help them uncover critical areas in which they will find helpful.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 87 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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