Fly Page
Title Page
Requirement Page
Approval Page
Declaration Page
Table of Contents

1.1. Background to the Study
1.2. Statement of the Problem
1.3. Aim and Objectives of the study
1.4. Scope of the Study
1.5. Significance of the Study
1.6. Research Methodology
1.7. Definition of Key Terms
1.8. Theoretical Framework

2.1. African World-view
2.2. Globalisation
2.3. African Worldview and the Forces of Globalisation
2.4. The Challenges of Globalisation to Africa
2.5. Globalisation and African Cultural Diversity
2.6. Globalisation and socio-cultural change in Africa
2.7. Globalization and African Traditional Religion
2.8. African Culture and Religion in the face of Globalization

3.1. The Igbo nation
3.2. Igbo world-view and philosophy
3.3. Life style of the Igbo people

4.1. Definitions of Globalization
4.2. Historical background of globalization
4.3. Theories of Globalization
4.4. Dimensions of globalisation
4.5. Agents of globalization
4.6. Globalisation as a World Phenomenon
4.7. Impact of Globalization on National Identity

5.1 Introduction to African Traditional Religion
5.2. Misconceptions about African Traditional Religion
5.3. Where African Traditional Religion may be found
5.4. Elements of African Traditional Religion
5.5. Concept of time in African Traditional Religion
5.6. Worship of God in African Traditional Religion
5.7. African Traditional Religion and celebration of life and death
5.8. The concept of evil, ethics and justice in African Traditional Religion

6.1. Introduction
6.2. Concept of Culture
6.3. Historical Development of the Concept of Culture
6.4. Theories of Culture
6.5. The Dynamism of Culture
6.6. Elements of Culture.
6.7. The Concept of Being-with in African Culture
6.8. African Cultural Practices

7.1. Impact of Globalization on African Traditional Religion and Culture: The Igbo experience
7.2. The Dilemma of Igbo Culture and Tradition in the Face of Globalization
7.3. Economic and Political Effects of Globalization on Igbo Society
7.4. Positive Implications of Globalization in Africa: The Igbo experience

CHAPTER EIGHT. The Implications of Globalization on Core Igbo Cultural Values
8.1. Implication of Globalization for Igbo Culture and Religious
8.2. Globalisation Led to Loss of Identity
8.3. Implications of Globalisation on Belief in Ancestor/Living Dead
8.4. Implication on Igbo Family Values
8.5. Implication of Globalisation on the Political Structure of Igbo Society
8.6. Moral Implication of Globalisation
8.7. Implication of Globalisation on Igbo Community Living
8.8. Creation of Religious Hypocritical Syncretism

CHAPTER NINE. Summary and Conclusion
9.1. Summary of Finding
9.2. Contributions to Knowledge
9.3. Recommendations on the Way Forward
9.4 Suggestions for further studies
9.5  Conclusion


Globalisation refers to the process of increasing economic, political, social and cultural relations across international boundaries Due to increased speed of transport and communication system, it is now easy to export not only economic goods but also political and cultural ideologies from one cultural area to another. African cultures and worldviews have continued to be affected by the forces of globalization (especially Western education, religion, urbanization and industrialization) starting from the time of slave trade through the colonial era to this day. In the face of this knowledge, the problem of African response to the challenges of globalisation becomes a daunting task. Using Igbo culture and religion as a case in point, the researcher sees a dilemma in the African mind on how to blend the pristine African (Igbo) culture with the trends of globalisation.  It is clear that globalisation is really affecting the African mindset; it poses a grave problem to the Igbo mind on how to take the good things of globalisation and still maintain the uniqueness of his cultural identity. Another problem faced by the Igbo is the effects globalization has on the cultural, religious and moral values of the Igbo person. The Igbo mind wonders to what extent he can still maintain his cultural identity today in the face of globalization. The design adopted for this research study was the causal comparative design. The study adopted documentary method of data collection and oral interviews. Textbooks, journals and periodicals were also consulted as secondary sources of data. Globalisation has led to cultural degeneration in Igboland. This can be seen in the area of Igbo language, bastardization and outright rejection of such cultural practices as masquerades, family sharing of folktales and its attendant moral lessons. This is evident in the declining use of Igbo language and weakening of traditional religion among the Igbo. The Igbo can only overcome the negative effects of globalization by first of all appreciating what they have in terms of their culture and religious values. They are to sift every foreign culture, assimilate what can improve their society and avoid those that are detrimental to their cultural values. Igbo culture is rich in values that the world can learn from. These include African brotherhood, African hospitality and fear of the sacred.

1.1.    Background to the Study.
Globalization is the process and phenomenon that has brought a lot of changes that is impacting dramatically on the entire world. Political, cultural and socio-economic integrations are becoming much easier and faster than before. From the time of the end of the cold war and collapse of the Berlin wall, the world has experienced what may be called aggressive technological development that is astronomical; this in turn engendered development of fast communication spectrums and easier transportation that has reduced the world not only to a global village but also a domestic family. The reason why the end of the cold war marked an acceleration of globalisation is because with the end of the cold war, every barrier hindering transport and communication between the Eastern Bloc and Western Bloc was virtually eliminated. African and Igbo people in particular have equally been involved in these global changes which have affected every race and continent on the planet though in varying degrees. The African grapples with the dilemma of its status in the present globalizing movement especially with regards to its cultural cum religious values. The African is also faced with the problem of discerning how the process of globalisation is affecting its cultural values and developmental process.

The researcher as a full blooded African of Igbo extraction observes with dismay the confusion in the mind of young people who seem to have been cut off from their cultural roots and not grounded in the new trend of globalised culture. He remembers with nostalgia the fleeting rich Igbo culture that is all but gone and looks with dismay how present modern culture that more or less is alien to the Igbo people is grossly inadequate to addressing social challenges. The researcher also believes the rich culture bequeathed to the present generation is also grossly inadequate to addressing the present day problems. The researcher wants to discover a middle course that will both retain the good culture of the Igbo society and at the same time launch the Igbo mind to the modern world as a positive contributor to enhancing the quality of life. These are some of the issues that this thesis set out to address with a view to helping the African find meaning and value in African religion and culture in the face of globalization. It is generally believed that Africa is more at the receiving end in this phenomenon called globalization than a contributor to its agenda. This explains why Ya’u (2004), expresses his fears that this integration is dangerous because of inequalities existing between developed and developing countries. This is more so as the effects of colonization is still very much felt in Africa with its attendant inferiority complex syndrome.....

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